Martin Sheen Biography

Martin Sheen Biography on Monsters and Critics

Summary

"Martin Sheen" (born August 3, 1940) is an Emmy- and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor. He is perhaps best known for his role as Captain Willard in the film "Apocalypse Now" and, most recently, as President Josiah Bartlet on the acclaimed and long-running television drama series "The West Wing".

Biography

Early life

Sheen was born "Ramón Gerardo Antonio Estévez" in Dayton, Ohio, the son of Mary Anne (née Phelan), an immigrant from County Tipperary, Ireland, and Francisco Estévez, a Galician factory worker/machinery inspector from Parderrubias, Galicia, Spain. Sheen's mother fled from Ireland during the Irish War of Independence due to her family's IRA connections. Sheen adopted his stage name in honor of Catholic archbishop and theologian Fulton J. Sheen. Sheen lived on Brown Street in the South Park neighborhood, and was one of 10 siblings (9 boys and one girl). He attended Chaminade High School (now Chaminade-Julienne High School) and was raised as a Roman Catholic.

For some time during the 1940s and 1950s, his family lived in Bermuda, where Sheen's father was a representative of IBM, selling cash registers and early computing and copying equipment to businesses and the US Air Force. The family lived on St. John's Road, Pembroke, just outside Hamilton and attended the Mount Saint Agnes school, which is run by the Sisters Of Charity order of the Roman Catholic Church. Sheen was the only one of the ten Estevez children who was not actually born in Bermuda. One has returned to live there and is a guidance counselor at Mt. St. Agnes.

Career

Sheen had wanted to act since he was very young, but his father disapproved. In spite of this, Sheen borrowed money from a priest and headed to New York City. It was there that he met the Catholic activist Dorothy Day and, he says, began his commitment to social justice. While Sheen claims he deliberately failed the entrance exam for the University of Dayton so that he could pursue his acting career, he still has an affinity for UD, and is seen drinking from a 'Dayton Flyers' coffee mug during several episodes of "The West Wing". Sheen has said that he was greatly influenced by the actor James Dean. He developed a theater company with other actors in hopes that a production would earn him recognition. In 1963, he made an appearance in "Nightmare", an episode of the television science fiction series "The Outer Limits". The following year, he starred in the Broadway play "The Subject Was Roses", which he recreated in the 1968 film of the same name. Sheen was a co-star in the controversial, Emmy-winning 1972 television movie "That Certain Summer", said to be the first television movie to portray homosexuality in a sympathetic, non-judgmental light. His next important feature film role was in 1973, when he starred with Sissy Spacek in the crime drama "Badlands" - which he has said in many interviews is his best film.

In 1974, Sheen portrayed a hot rod driver in the TV movie "The California Kid", and that same year received an Emmy Award nomination for Best Actor in a television drama for his portrayal of Pvt. Eddie Slovik in the made-for-television film, "The Execution of Private Slovik". The film told the World War II story of the only American soldier to be executed for desertion since the American Civil War. It was Sheen's performance in this film that ultimately led to Francis Ford Coppola choosing him for a starring role in 1979's "Apocalypse Now", a film that gained him wide recognition. Sheen admitted that during filming, he was not in the greatest shape and was drinking heavily. On location, he had a heart attack and crawled out to a road for help.

Sheen has performed voice-over work as the narrator for the "Eyewitness Movie" series.

Awards

Sheen received six Emmy nominations for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series for his performance on "The West Wing," for which he won a Golden Globe for Best Performance by an Actor in TV-Drama, as well as two SAG Awards for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Drama Series, and was part of the cast that received two SAG Awards for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series.

In his acting career, Sheen has been nominated for twelve Emmy Awards, winning three. He has also earned eight nominations for Golden Globe Awards. Sheen has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 1500 Vine Street.

NUI Galway

In light of the end of filming of "The West Wing", Sheen announced plans to further his education. "My plan is to read English literature, philosophy and theology in Galway, Republic of Ireland, where my late mother came from and where I'm also a citizen". Speaking after an honorary arts doctorate was conferred on him by the National University of Ireland, Sheen joked that he will be the 'oldest undergraduate' at the National University of Ireland (NUI), Galway when he starts his fulltime studies there in the autumn of 2006. Although expressing the concern that he might be a 'distraction' to other students at NUIG, he will be attending lectures like everyone else. Speaking the week after filming his last episode of "The West Wing," he said 'I'm very serious about it.' He once said 'I never went to college when I was young and am looking forward to giving it a try... at age 65!' On 1 September 2006, Sheen was among first to register as a student at NUI Galway. He has since left the University after completing a semester.

Political activism

Martin Sheen is no stranger to politics, both as an actor and in real life. He has played U.S. President John F. Kennedy (in the miniseries "Kennedy - The Presidential Years"), Attorney General Robert Kennedy in the television special The Missiles of October, White House Chief of Staff A.J. McInnerney in "The American President", sinister future president Greg Stillson in "The Dead Zone", and fictional Democratic president Josiah Bartlet in the acclaimed television drama "The West Wing".

Although he did not attend college, Sheen credited the Marianists at University of Dayton as a major influence on his public activism. Sheen is known for his robust support of liberal political causes, such as opposition to United States military actions and a toxic-waste incinerator in East Liverpool, Ohio. Sheen has resisted calls to run for office, saying "There's no way that I could be the president. You can't have a pacifist in the White House ... I'm an actor. This is what I do for a living." Sheen is an honorary trustee of the Dayton International Peace Museum.

He supported the 1965 farm worker movement with Cesar Chavez in Delano, California. He has also supported causes for PETA and is a proponent of the Consistent Life ethic, which advocates against abortion, capital punishment and war. He also supports the Democrats for Life of America's Pregnant Women Support Act. In 2004, along with fellow actor Rob Reiner, Sheen campaigned for Democratic presidential candidate Howard Dean. He later campaigned for nominee John Kerry.

On 16 May, 1995, Martin Sheen and Paul Watson from Sea Shepherd were attacked in a hotel on Magdalen Islands by a number of Canadian sealers, who were upset that they had come there to protest against the annual seal hunt and promote non-lethal alternatives. Sheen was trying to negotiate with the angry mob while Watson was escorted to the airport by police and had to spend the night in hospital. On 28 August, 2005, he visited anti-Iraq War activist Cindy Sheehan at Camp Casey. He prayed with her and spoke to her supporters. He began his remarks by stating, 'At least you've got the acting President of the United States,' referring to his role as fictional President Josiah Bartlet on "The West Wing". Cindy Sheehan had been demanding to speak with the actual President, George W. Bush.

Sheen endorsed marches and walkouts called by the civil rights group, By Any Means Necessary (BAMN), to force the state of California to honor the Cesar Chavez holiday. On March 30, the day of the protests, thousands of students, primarily Latino from California and elsewhere, walked out school in support of the demand.

On 10 April, 2006, the "New York Times" reported that members of the Democratic Party in Ohio had contacted Sheen, attempting to persuade him to run for the U.S. Senate in Ohio. Sheen declined the offer, stating that 'I'm just not qualified,' he said. 'You're mistaking celebrity for credibility.' On 26 November, 2006, the Sunday Times in the Republic of Ireland, where Sheen is currently living due to his enrollment in NUI Galway, reported on him speaking out against mushroom farmers exploiting foreign workers by paying them as little as ?2.50 an hour in a country where the minimum wage is ?7.65.

Because of his activism, Sheen was one of many political celebrities spoofed in "Team America: World Police." On April 1, 2007 Sheen was arrested, with 38 other activists, for tresspassing at the Nevada Test Site at a Nevada Desert Experience event protesting the Nevada Test Site.

His latest activisms includes several attendances at meetings of the environmentalist group Earth First!.

Doubts regarding 9/11

On October 27, 2007, Martin Sheen echoed his son Charlie Sheen's doubts about the mainstream account of the September 11, 2001 attacks. He stated: 'Up until last year, I was very dubious, I did not want to believe that my government could possibly be involved in such a thing, I could not live in a country that I thought could do that - that would be the ultimate betrayal. However, there have been so many revelations that now I have my doubts, and chief among them is Building 7 - how did they rig that building so that it came down on the evening of the day?'

Personal life

Sheen married art student Janet Templeton on December 23, 1961, and they have four children, three sons and a daughter, all of whom are actors: Emilio Estévez, Ramón Luis Estévez, Charlie Sheen and Renée Estévez.

Sheen starred in the Vietnam war film "Apocalypse Now", and his son, Charlie Sheen, also starred in a film about Vietnam: "Platoon". Charlie Sheen once stated that he wanted to star in a film similar to one his father was in because he wanted to know what it feels like. They jointly parodied their respective previous roles in the 1993 movie "Hot Shots Part Deux": their river patrol boats passed each other, at which point they both shouted, 'I loved you in "Wall Street"!', a film they both starred in in 1987.

In the Spring of 1989, Sheen was named Honorary Mayor of Malibu, California. He promptly marked his appointment with a decree proclaiming the area 'a nuclear-free zone, a sanctuary for illegal aliens and the homeless, and a protected environment for all life, wild and tame'. Some local citizens were angered by the decree, and the Malibu Chamber of Commerce met in June of that year to consider revoking

Hugh Black's title, but voted unanimously to retain him. Sheen has limited lateral movement of his left arm, which is three inches shorter than his right, due to it being crushed by forceps during his birth.

He has played the father of sons Emilio Estevez and Charlie Sheen; he played Emilio's father in "The War at Home", and Charlie's father in "Wall Street" and two episodes of 'Spin City.'

Features

"Da" (1988)

"Judgment in Berlin" (1988)

"Marked for Murder" (1989)

"Cold Front" (1989)

"Beverly Hills Brats" (1989)

"Nightbreaker" (1989)

"Beyond the Stars" (1989)

"Cadence" (1990) (also director)

"Touch and Die" (1991)

"Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker's Apocalypse" (1991)

"The Maid" (1991)

"JFK" (1991) (narrator)

"Running Wild" (1992)

"Original Intent" (1992)

"When the Bough Breaks" (1993)

"My Home, My Prison" (1993) (documentary) (narrator)

"The Killing Box" (1993)

"Fortunes of War" (1993)

"Hear No Evil" (1993)

"Hot Shots! Part Deux" (1993)

"Gettysburg" (1993)

"Trigger Fast" (1994)

"Hits!" (1994)

"Boca" (1994)

"Sacred Cargo" (1995)

"Dillinger and Capone" (1995)

"Captain Nuke and the Bomber Boys" (1995)

"A Hundred and One Nights of Simon Cinema" (1995)

"The Break" (1995)

"Dead Presidents" (1995)

"Gospa" (1995)

"The American President" (1995)

"The War at Home" (1996)

"Entertaining Angels: The Dorothy Day Story" (1996)

"187: Documented" (1997) (documentary) (narrator)

"An Act of Conscience" (1997) (documentary) (narrator)

"Truth or Consequences, N.M" (1997)

"Tudjman" (1997) (documentary) (narrator)

"Spawn" (1997)

"Taylor's Campaign" (1998) (documentary) (narrator)

"Stranger in the Kingdom" (1998)

"Holes in Heaven" (1998) (documentary) (narrator)

"Gunfighter" (1998)

"Snitch" (1998)

"Shadrach" (1998) (narrator)

"A Letter from Death Row" (1998)

"Free Money" (1998)

"No Code of Conduct" (1998)

"Babylon 5: The River of Souls" (1998)

"Total Recall 2070" (1999)

"Ninth Street" (1999)

"Lost & Found" (1999)

"Storm" (1999)

"A Texas Funeral" (1999)

"The Papp Project" (2001) (documentary)

"O" (2001)

"Stockpile" (2001) (documentary) (narrator)

"The Making of Bret Michaels" (2002) (documentary)

"Tibet: Cry of the Snow Lion" (2002) (documentary) (narrator)

"Catch Me if You Can" (2002)

"Hidden in Plain Sight" (2003) (documentary) (narrator)

"Mercy of the Sea" (2003)

"The Commission" (2003)

"Tell Them Who You Are" (2004) (documentary)

"Jerusalemski sindrom" (2004)

"On the Line: Dissent in an Age of Terrorism" (2005) (documentary)

"James Dean: Forever Young" (2005) (documentary) (narrator)

"Who Killed the Electric Car?" (2006) (documentary) (narrator)

"Between Iraq and a Hard Place" (2006) (documentary) (narrator)

"Bobby" (2006)

"The Departed" (2006)

"Bordertown" (2007)

"Talk to Me" (2007)

"Flatland: The Movie" (2007) (voice)

External links

(Martin Sheen at MartinSheen.Net) Actor's Photo Gallery focusing on over 100 film and television roles and Library of articles and interviews.

("The Progressive" magazine interview) including Sheen's views on faith, civil disobedience, abortion and pacifism.

(Martin Sheen: Catholic President on Prime Time) article at AmericanCatholic.org

(PBS interview with audio clips) : Martin Sheen on Poverty, Faith and Social Activism

(2001 NPR Interview) about his experiences filming "Apocalypse Now"

Video and audio of (Sheen reading 'My Country Awake' by Rabindranath Tagore)

(QuickTime video of Sheen) in the 'confessional' on The Ellen DeGeneres Show, February 14 2005

( World Can't Wait website)

(39 peace activists arrested at the Nevada Test Site)

Credit

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article about Martin Sheen.